Please note that this is just a partial list containing some of the most popular choices for woods we work with. The Janka hardness scale, used to determine whether or not a wood species is suitable for flooring, is the primary test measuring wood’s resistance to wear and dentability. Poplar comes from a dicot, which makes it a hardwood. The resilience of wood is typically measured with something known as a Janka scale. Spruce Pine (Pinus glabra) The Janka Scale was developed by the Austrian wood researcher named Gabriel Janka back in 1906. Copyright 2019. } Our chart is based on the Janka Hardness Scale which is the industry standard for gauging the ability of various wood species to resist denting and tolerate normal wear. Entries in red are some of the woods builders commonly search for when researching wood species to build with. The Janka Hardness Test was conducted by measuring the amount of force necessary to embed a .444 inch steel ball into side of the wood up to one half of its diameter to determine its hardness rating, which is then recorded on the Janka Hardness Scale. Wood species vary in many ways, but a key factor in finishing wood is the hardness of the wood. })(); Copyright ©2018 U.S. Generally speaking, softwoods tend to be softer than their hardwood counterparts. There would be regenerating stands where the pine and fir stumps would be soil, but the larch would be hard and dry and dense – ideal for fuel. } Floor Masters. Goodwin Heart Pine flooring Janka ratings can be found on our Reclaimed Wood Product Selector. There may be variations of more or less than 20% on the scale, since this is a scientific test. The US typically will use lbf. Radiata Pine (Pinus radiata) Red Pine (Pinus resinosa) Pine describes a whole variety of wood species, which are traditionally broken down into four main subgroups: Southern Pines, Fire Pines, White Pines, and “Old World” Pines. Pitch Pine (Pinus rigida) Flooring choices can range comparably from hard maple or wenge to red oak to even softer than Douglas fir in hardness. Eastern White Pine (Pinus strobus) It measures the force required to embed an 11.28 millimetres (0.444 in) diameter steel ball halfway into a sample of wood. Jack Pine (Pinus banksiana) Grades of Yellow Pine Flooring Available: Yellow Pine flooring is typically graded Clear and #2 Common and Better. Free Samples! Pine on average does not require an abnormal amount of effort to saw properly. True pine has a Janka rating of 1570, Carribean heart pine is 1280, red pine is 1630, longleaf southern yellow pine is 870, both shortleaf and loblolly southern yellow pine are 690, white pine is 420, and eastern white pine ranks in at 380 to give a few specific numbers. Lodgepole Pine (Pinus contorta) Conversely, a ranking of 4,000 means the lumber is extremely difficult to process and thus is not suitable for processing on the large scale flooring requires. 17808 568th Ave, Good Thunder, MN 56037. The Janka Test is a measure of the hardness of wood. The sapwood of pine is usually light yellowish-white to yellowish-tan, while the heartwood is light orange-yellow to red or yellowish-brown in color. It is between longleaf and shortleaf southern pine in hardness, is forty-three percent softer than white oak, about forty-seven percent softer than wenge, and is only … Compare different species based on their hardness. The Janka hardness test is a measurement of the force necessary to embed a.444-inch … Slash Pine (Pinus elliottii) Trademarks and brands are the property of Run Of The Mill, LLC . Janka values represent the amount of pound-force that is required to partially embed a small steel ball into the surface of the wood. Yellow Pine, Long Leaf 870 Olivewood, Brazilian 3700 Yellow Pine, Short Leaf 690 Patagonian Rosewood 3840 Yellowheart 1820 Brazilian Tiger Mahogany 3840 Zebrawood 1575 Curupy 3880 www.workshoppages.com The scale was invented in 1906 by Gabriel Janka, an Austrian wood researcher, and standardized in 1927 by the American Society for Testing and Materials ().Depending on the room where the flooring will be installed, a certain level of hardness may make it a more desirable choice. The Janka hardness test is a measurement of the force necessary to embed a .444-inch steel ball to half its diameter in wood. To learn the basic hardness of different common woods used in … Longleaf (Southern Yellow) Pine (Pinus palustris) All sawing will be completed at our Mankato, MN shop. Online or in store. The wood commonly has no odor. Loblolly (Southern Yellow) Pine (Pinus taeda) In laymans terms it is a way to measure a woods resistance to denting. Sugar Pine (Pinus lambertiana) Pine species do not usually have a high resistance to decay, but they do have a propensity to absorb preservatives rather well. forms : { Janka hardness test From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia The Janka hardness test (from the Austrian-born emigrant Gabriel Janka, 1864–1932) measures the resistance of a sample of wood to denting and wear. We feature a tremendous selection of hardwoods imported from every corner of the world, as well as exotic laminates like Hawaiian Koa for as low as $1.99 per square foot! listeners: [], Benguet Pine (Pinus insularis) Ponderosa Pine (Pinus ponderosa) Aromatic Cedar & Yellow Pine both qualify as medium density wood species on the Janka scale. The Janka scale is used to determine the relative hardness of particular … Janka Hardness: 690. The Janka test measures the necessary force to embed a.44″ diameter steel ball halfway into a piece of wood. Pond Pine (Pinus serotina) However, it was only in 1927 when Janka’s scale was standardized by the American Society for Testing and Materials (ASTM). Get 4 Free Online Samples With Free Shipping! callback: callback The actual number listed in the wood profile is the amount of pounds-force (lb f) or newtons (N) required to imbed a .444″ (11.28 mm) diameter steel ball into the wood to half the ball’s diameter.This number is given for wood that has been dried to … window.mc4wp = { Shortleaf (Southern Yellow) Pine (Pinus echinata) Southern yellow pine (shortleaf and Loblolly) has a rating of 690. Most pine species are not difficult or time consuming to dry properly. Some of the more common species are listed below. on: function (event, callback) { Janka Rating System When in doubt about the type of wood to select for your cabinetry, flooring, furniture or millwork project, refer to the Janka Rating System, which measures the relative hardness of woods. You might find this species in some very low-end furniture, but it is generally considered too soft to use for home furnishings and finishes. The Janka scale measures the resistance of a sample of wood to denting and wear and is typically expressed in lbf (pounds-force) or N (Newtons). White Cypress Pine (Callitris glauca). While it may be tempted to look for the species with the highest rating, it could be more trouble than it’s worth – if it’s even available. How does the test work? Trying to figure what what wood specie you want to use for a project? The grain is usually straight, sometimes irregular, and the texture is commonly medium and uneven. Janka Hardness: 770 As a flooring option, sycamore falls on the lower end of the Janka hardness scale. True pine has a Janka rating of 1570, Carribean heart pine is 1280, red pine is 1630, longleaf southern yellow pine is 870, both shortleaf and loblolly southern yellow pine are 690, white pine is 420, and eastern white pine ranks in at 380 to give a few specific numbers. If there is a species you would like to see listed that isn’t in the list below, just post a comment and be sure to list the wood species name and Janka hardness number along with it (and country of origin, if possible.) }); Janka Hardness Ratings of Wood Species . During a Janka hardness test, a metal ball the size of a BB is pressed into the wood until its embedded halfway. Reclaimed Wood, because of its age, generally has a higher Janka rating than virgin wood of the same species. Heart Pine 1225 Carbonized Bamboo 1180 Teak 1000 The True Measure of Wood: Janka Hardwood Scale This scale is the worldwide standard for gauging the ability of various species of wood to endure normal wear and tear. Softwood comes from gymnosperm trees, like cedar, fir, and pine. A common measurement for wood hardness is the Janka scale. Scrub Pine (Pinus virginiana) It is a flooring industry standard for gauging the ability of various species to tolerate denting and normal wear, as well as being a good indication of the effort required to either nail or saw the particular wood. The red heartwood of the tree is sold as “Heart Pine.” Heart Pine is sold in Clear and #2 Common grades also, although some manufacturers produce other grades. Both nails and glue hold well with pine flooring. A Janka rating of zero indicates that the wood is much too soft to be used in flooring or for any purpose that requires a durable lumber. } North America into Central America, as well as Northern Europe and the former Soviet Republics. To compare, white pine sits at the bottom of the Janka scale, with a rating of 380. Janka Scale Ratings The first thing to remember about the Janka Rating scale is the fact that not every wood is suitable for flooring. The Janka Scale can even reveal subtle hardness differences between woods that appear to be quite similar. Scots Pine (Pinus sylvestris) Pine (Carpinus betulus) White pine has a 420 lb-ft rating on the Janka scale. Southern longleaf pine has a rating of 870 lb-ft. Douglas fir comes in between the types of pine, with its own rating of 660 on the Janka scale. } Janka hardness testing. What is the Janka Scale? Now, this wood hardness scale is used in determining how hard a particular type of wood is. True pine has a Janka rating of 1570, Carribean heart pine is 1280, red pine is 1630, longleaf southern yellow pine is 870, both shortleaf and loblolly southern yellow pine are 690, white pine is 420, and eastern white pine ranks in at 380 to give a few specific numbers. Janka Wood Hardness Scale The Janka rating is a measure of the amount of force required to push a.444" diameter steel ball half way into a piece of wood. It is important to remember that the testing process used in the Janka scale is an impact test, not a test of scratching, scuffing, or any other wear and tear that flooring experiences. (function() { It also indicates the effort required to either nail or saw the particular wood species. All Rights Reserved. The easiest and most universally accepted way of determining the strength and durability of lumber is by evaluating its Janka scale rating. The Janka hardness test measures the resistance of a type of wood to withstand denting and wear. It is important to note that the durability of pine depends a great deal on the type of pi… However, there are plenty exceptions to that. Yellow Pine is at the bottom of the Janka scale. A measure of the hardness of wood, produced by a variation on the Brinell hardness test. We are not offering onsite sawing at this time! On average, the various species sand better than white oak but the softer varieties can sometimes marr under heavy traffic. The hardest commercially available hardwood is hickory, and it is five times harder than aspen, one of the “soft” hardwoods. The Janka Scale can even reveal subtle hardness differences between woods that appear to be quite similar. The Janka Hardness Scale is determined by a controlled test, performed to measure the force necessary to embed a .444 inch (11.28mm) steel ball to half its diameter in wood. How Dense/Hard is Poplar Wood? Below we've compiled the janka values of several of the most popular North American hardwoods used to make furniture in the United States and attempted to represent them visually. The scale measures the force required to embed a .444 inch steel ball to a depth of half the ball’s diameter into the wood. Pine’s many uses include flooring, lumber, plywood, poles, pulp, paper, Christmas trees, and pine straw. We at Carpet and Tile Mart don't sell anything with a Janka rating less than 1360. Serving Upstate NY—VT—MA • For selections & prices, CALL or EMAIL US Janka Hardness Scale for Wood Flooring Species. The Janka Test was developed as a variation of the Brinell hardness test. event : event, The wood has a closed grain varying in figuring amongst the species. The test measures the force required to push a steel ball with a diameter of 11.28 millimeters (0.444 inches) into the wood to a depth of half the ball’s diameter. Western White Pine (Pinus monticola) The Janka Hardness Scale determines the hardness of a particular type of wood over another. window.mc4wp.listeners.push({ Pine woods can vary widely in hardness from species to species. Shop: The resulting data is expressed in pounds-force, or lbf.. if (!window.mc4wp) { The Janka test measures the force required to embed an 11.28mm steel ball halfway into a piece of wood. 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